- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Jacques Jean Lhermitte

Born 1877
Died 1979

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French neurologist and neuropsychiatrist, born January 20, 1877, Mont-Saint-Père, Aisne; died 1959.

Biography of Jacques Jean Lhermitte

Jacques Jean Lhermitte was the son of an artist. Following early education at St. Etienne he studied in Paris, graduating in medicine in 1907. He specialised in neurology and became Chef-de-clinique for nervous diseases in 1908, 1910 Chef de laboratoire, and professeur agrégé for psychiatry 1922. He later became Médecin at the Hospice Paul Brousse, head of the Fondation Dejerine, and clinical director at the Salpêtrière.

During World War I he studied spinal injuries and became interested in neuropsychiatry. This led to publications on visual hallucinations of the self. A deeply religious man, he explored the common territory between theology and medicine, and this led to interesting studies on demoniacal possession and stigmatisation. Lhermitte was a great clinical neurologists whose enthusiasm which infected his younger contemporaries.

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An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

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