- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Lhermitte's syndrome

Related people

This rare syndrome consists of ocular palsy with nystagmus and paralysis of adduction during attempted lateral deviation of the eyes. Characteristically seen in disseminated sclerosis.

Max Bielschowsky (1869-1940) in 1902 first reported the clinical features that were subsequently described by Lhermitte in 1922. William Gibson Spiller (1863-1940) in 1924 described necropsy findings, implicated the median longitudinal fasciculus (posterior longitudinal bundle), and suggested the name «ophthalmoplegia internuclearis anterior.»

This term has also been used as a synonym for Roth-Bielschowsky syndrome, which is defined as internuclear ophthalmoplegia with medial rectus muscle paralysis for versions, intact convergence, and vestibular nystagmus of abducted eye. These may be the same entity. See under Vladimir Karlovich Roth, Russian neuropathologist, 1848-1916.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.