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Bernhardt-Roth paraesthesia

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A syndrome marked by paraesthesia, pain, disturbance of sensation in the outer surface of the thigh in the region supplied by the external cutaneous femoral nerve often with trophic disturbances with hyperhydrosis and hairlessness. The paraesthesia consists of burning, tingling, stabbing pains of considerable severity or possibly only of a feeling of numbness. The sensory disturbances vary from slight hyperaesthesia to total anaesthesia. Compression caused by belts or girdles, obesity, shoulder, girdle syndrome, postoperative complications, diabetes, and other conditions are suspected as possible causes. Usually unilateral. Male-female ratio 3:1.

We thank Zoran Bojanic, Serbia, for information submitted.


  • M. Bernhardt:
    Neuropathologische Beobachtungen.
    Deutsches Archiv für klinische Medicin, Leipzig, 1878, 22: 362-393.
  • W. K. Roth:
    Meralgia paraesthetica. Berlin, Karger, 1895.
  • M. Bernhardt:
    Über isoliert im Gebiete des N. cutaneus femoris externus vorkommende Paresthesien.
    Neurologisches Zentralblatt, Berlin, 1895, 14: 242-244.

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