- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Cruveilhier-Baumgarten disease

Related people

Cirrhosis of the liver without ascites caused by patency of the umbilical or paraumbilical veins - with orifice directly into the portal vein - and the resultant collateral circulation. It is associated with prominent periumbilical veins, portal hypertension, liver atrophy, and splenomegaly. An auscultatory sound may be registered in the venus collaterals of the abdominal wall.

According to some gastroenterologists, Cruveilhier-Baumgarten disease and Cruveilhier-Baumgarten syndrome are not the same entity:
Cruveilhier-Baumgarten disease: The disease caused by the umbilical vein remaining open after birth, with all the misery this causes in the portal vein system.
Cruveilhier-Baumgarten syndrome: The condition acquired when the umbilical vein is reopened because of increased pressure on the portal vein system in liver cirrhosis.

We thank Søren Nørby, Denmark, for information submitted.


  • Pégot:
    Tumeur variqueuse avec anomalie du système veineux et persistance de la veine ombilicale, développement des veines souscutanées abdominals.
    Bulletins et mémoires de la Société anatomique de Paris, 1833, 44: 49-57. Anomalie veineuse.
    Bulletins et mémoires de la Société anatomique de Paris, 1833, 8: 108.
  • J. Cruveilhier:
    Maladie des veines. In: Anatomie pathologique du corps humain.
    Paris, Bailliére, 1829-1835, volume I, page 16. Traité d’anatomie pathologique générale. Paris, 1852. Volume 2.
  • E. Wertheimer:
    Recherches sur la veine ombilicale. Journal de l'anatomie et de la physiologie normales et pathologiques de l'homme et des animaux, 1886, 22:1-17.
  • P. von Baumgarten:
    Über vollständiges Offenbleiben der Vena umbilicalis; zugleich ein Beitrag zur Frage des Morbus Banti.
    Page 6; Baumgarten, Arbeiten, 1908, Arb Geb Path Anat Inst Tübingen, Leipzig, 1907, 6: 93-110.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.