- A dictionary of medical eponyms


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A genus of small, facultatively anaerobic, gram-negative ovoid to rod-shaped bacteria of the family Pasteurellaceae, made up of nonmotile fermentative organisms. They are potential pathogens, causing abscesses and septicaemias in humans and respiratory and septic infections in sheep, cattle, and fowl.

Pasteurella aerogenes
A species occurring in swine that is a possible cause of abortion in swine and of human wound infections following swine bites.

Pasteurella anatipestifer
Also known as Moraxella anapestifer, Pfeifferella anatipestifer. A species of uncertain affiliation that causes infectious avian serositis. It is isolated from septicaemic disease in ducks, geese, turkeys and waterfowl.

Victor Morax, Swiss-French ophthalmologist, 1866-1935.
Richard Friedrich Johannes Pfeiffer, German physician and bacteriologist, 1858-1945.

Pasteurella aviseptica, or Pasteurella cholerae gallinarum
The cause of chicken cholera.

Pasteurella boviseptica
Commonly found in tissues of animals affected with shipping fever.

Pasteurella hæmolytica
Distinguished from Pasteurella multocida in being ß-haemolytic. It is part of the normal flora of cattle and sheep and is the aetiologic agent of haemorrhagic septicaemia in sheep and goats, shipping fever in cattle, and a cholera-like disease in fowl. Occasionally found in human infections

Pasteurella multocida
Formerly known as Pasteurella septica. A small non-motile gram-negative coccobacillus that frequently causes disease in animals and birds. Human disease is usually from infection of a cat or dog bite or scratch, with localized swelling, abscesses, bronchiectasis, pneumonia, meningitis, and septicaemia. Pneumonia caused by Pasteurella multocida is known as Pasteurella multocida pneumonia.

Pasteurella novicida
The etiologic agent of a disease resembling tularemia in guinea pigs, hamsters, and white mice. Now classed as Francisella novicida.

Edward Francis, American bacteriologist, 1872-1957.

Pasteurella oviseptica
Sometimes found in sheep.

Pasteurella pestis
The causative agent of bubonic plague. Recent research has proved that this disease is not the same as the Black death. Now classed as Yersinia pestis.

Pasteurella pfaffii
A species of uncertain status that is the aetiologic agent of an epidemic septicaemia in canaries.

Pasteurella pneumotropica
A species occurring normally and occasionally found in the respiratory tract of mice and other rodents, and in sepsis and other infections in man.

Pasteurella pseudotuberculosis
Can cause acute mesenteric lymphadenitis or enterocolitis. It is now classed as Yersinia pseudotuberculosis.

Pasteurella septica
A species that causes various diseases in animals and humans. Now classed as Pasteurella multocida.

Pasteurelle septicaemia
A species of uncertain status that causes septicaemia in young geese.

Pasteurella suiseptica
Causes bacterial infection in hogs.

Pasteurella tularensis
The causative agent of tularemia. Now classified as Francisella tularensis.

Edward Francis, American bacteriologist, 1872-1957.

Pasteurella ureae
A species with no known animal host. It has been isolated from human infections of the upper respiratory tract and occasionally from the nasal passages of healthy humans.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.