- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Curtius' syndrome I

Related people

An obsolete term for a form of hypertrophy of a part of the body with various associated disorders. It may involve a single small part of the body, such as a finger; a whole system, such as the nervous system, the muscular system, the skeletal system, or the vascular system; or half of the body with enlargement of several systems (hemigigantism). Males more frequently affected; onset from birth, but may become accentuated at puberty. Asymptomatic or variable according to signs. Frequently, ocular disorders, cutaneous lesions, adrenal cortex tumours, Wilms tumour, kidney defects, reduced capacity to thermal regulation, mental retardation, and other disorders. Some authors use the synonym Steiner's syndrome only when schizophrenia is present.


  • Johann Friedrich Meckel, the Younger (1781-1833):
    Ueber die seitliche Asymmetrie in thierischen Körper. Anatomisch-physiologische Beobachtungen und Untersuchungen.
    Halle, Renger 1822, page 147.
  • Richard Barwell (1826-1916):
    Case of unilateral hypertrophy of the head and face involving bones and soft parts.
    Transactions of the Pathological Society of London, 1881, 32: 282-284.
  • F. Curtius:
    Kongenitaler partieller Riesenwuchs mit endokrinen Störungen.
    Deutsches Archiv für klinische Medizin, Leipzig, 1925, 147: 310-319.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.