- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Leopold Auerbach

Born  1828
Died  1897

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German anatomist, born April 27, 1828, Breslau; died September 30, 1897.

Biography of Leopold Auerbach

Leopold Auerbach was born in Breslau and studied medicine in Breslau, Berlin and Leipzig. He was conferred M.D. in 1849 and from 1850 was a practicing physician. He became Privatdozent in 1863, and from 1872 worked as extraordinary professor of neuropathology in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland).

His chief field of research was neuropathological problems, on which he left behind a number of writings. He was one of the first to investigate the nervous system using histological staining methods. His name is still associated with the Plexus myentericus Auerbachi that he discovered, a layer of ganglion cells, which, from their localisation between the layers of the muscle control the movements of the gastro-intestinal tract.

Besides he published on muscle irritation, studies of the lymphoid vessels of various organs and muscle hypertrophy.


  • Ueber psychische Thätigkeiten des Rückenmarks.
    [Günsburg's] Zeitschrift für klinische Medicin, Breslau, vol. 4, 1853.
  • Ueber die Erscheinungen bei örtlicher Muskelreizung.
    Abhandlungen der schlesischen Gesellschaft für vaterländische Kultur, Breslau, 1861, pp 291-326.
  • Ueber Percussion der Muskeln.
    Zeitschrift für rationelle Medizin, Leipzig and Heidelberg 1862.
  • Ueber einen Plexus myntericus. Breslau, Morgenstern, 1862.
    Also in [Virchows] Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medizin, Berlin, 1864, volume 30.
  • Bau der Blut- und Lymph-Capillaren.
    Centralblatt für die medicinischen Wissenschaften, Berlin, 1865.
  • Lymphgefässe des Darms.
    [Virchows] Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medizin, Berlin,1865.volume 33.
  • Wahre Muskelhypertrophie.
    [Virchows] Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medizin, Berlin, 1871, volume 53.
  • Organische Studien. Booklet I and II, Breslau 1874.

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