- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Jörgen Nilsen Schaumann

Born  1879
Died  1953

Related eponyms

Swedish dermatologist, 1879-1953.

Biography of Jörgen Nilsen Schaumann

Jörgen Nilsen Schaumann is today mainly remembered in association with Boeck’s sarcoid, or Besnier-Boeck-Schaumann disease. The son of a garden director, Schaumann studied medicine at the University of Lund from 1902 and became a licentiate of medicine in Stockholm in 1907. He worked for a period in the university laboratory for medical bacteriology in Copenhagen, and from 1908 he worked in the clinic for skin and venereal diseases at St. Göran's Hospital. In 1912 he became physician, and later senior physician, to the Finsen Institute, where he remained for the rest of his life.

Jörgen Nilsen Schaumann received the title of professor in 1939. In 1940 he was awarded the Jubilee Prize of the Society of Swedish Physicians (Svenska Läkaresällskapet), and in 1946 he was made doctor of honour at the University of Paris, Sorbonne The following year he became a corresponding member of l'Académie nationale de Médecine.

As a person Schaumann was unassuming and withdrawn, an art collector and a man of profound interest in music and religion. He was an accomplished painter and sculptor whose paintings were found both at the skin clinic, the Karolinska sjukhuset and in the lung clinic at the Huddinge Hospital, and some of his sculptures decorated the office of the Svenska Läkaresällskapet.

Following his retirement in 1946 Schaumann worked for seven more years, and until his last working days he concerned himself with new aspects of the benign lymphogranulomatosis. He died of a heart attack in 1953, at the age of 74.


  • Sur le lupus pernio, mémoire présenté en Novembre 1914 à la Société française de Dermatologie et de Syphiligraphie pour le Prix Zambaco.
    Stockholm 1934.
  • Recherches sur le lupus pernio et ses relations avec les sarcoides cutanées et sous-cutanées. Boeck's sarcoid.
    Nordiskt medicinskt Arkiv, Stockholm, 1917, avd. II, nr. 17: 1-81.
  • Étude sur le lupus pernio et ses rapports avec sarcoïdes et la tuberculose.
    Annales de dermatologie et de syphilographie, Paris, 1917, 5 sér., 6: 357-373.
  • Le lupus pernio et les sarcoides au point de vue étiologique.
    Acta dermato-venereologica, Stockholm, 1923: 679-696.

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