- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Anatole Marie Émile Chauffard

Born  1855
Died  1932

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French internist, born August 22, 1855, Avignon; died November 1, 1932, Paris.

Biography of Anatole Marie Émile Chauffard

Anatole Marie Émile Chauffard's father was Paul-Émil Chauffard (1823-1870), professor at the medical faculty of Paris and his grandfather, Marie Denise Étienne Chauffard (1796-1880) was a well known practitioner in Avignon. He interned at Broussais, was conferred doctor of medicine in 1882 and became Médecin des hôpitaux. He was habilitated in 1886 and in 1907 became professor of internal medicine at the Paris faculty. He worked at the hospitals Cochin and finally Hôpital Saint-Antoine, where he took up a clinical chair in 1911. He was a member of the Académie de Médecine

Chauffard was an exceptional clinician and teacher but was equally at home in general pathology. His major investigative work was in liver disease where he contributed descriptive pathology. He also introduced in France the use of emetine for the treatment of amoebic abscesses and defined the anaphylactic nature of events following rupture of hydatid cysts.


  • Xanthélasma disséminé et symétrique, sans insuffisance hépatique.
    Bulletins et memoires de la Société medicale des hôpitaux de Paris, 1889, 3 sér., 6: 412-419.

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