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Alibert's disease II

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A sand fly-borne infection most commonly seen in countries in the Middle East, Mediterranean littoral, Africa, and South America. Both sexes and all ages can be affected. It is caused by the parasite Leishmania tropica. The infection first appears after an incubation period ranging from several weeks to several months in the form of papules on the exposed skin, followed by ulceration and scabs. Occurs in a dry and a wet form.

Peter Fokich Borovskii (1863-1932) in 1898, before Sir Wiliam Boog Leishman (1865-1926) described the causative agent as a protozoa and gave a correct picture of it.


  • J. L. Alibert:
    Note sur la pyrophlyctide endémiqie ou pustul d'Alep.
    Revue des sciences médicales en France et à l’étranger, 1829, 3: 62-68.
    For translation, see C. A. Hoare, in Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 1938, 32: 78-90.
  • P. F. Borovskii:
    [On sart sore.] Voenno med Zhur., 1898, 76: 925-941.
  • Kozhnyi leishmaniaz. Moskva, 1949.

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