- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Parrot-Kaufmann syndrome

Alternative eponyms

  • Kaufmann's syndrome
  • Parrot's syndrome I
  • Kaufmann's disease

Related people

Achondroplasia. A form of disproportionate short-limb dwarfism with characteristic malformations of bone.

Description

A form of disproportionate short-limb dwarfism with characteristic malformations of bone. The proximal segments of upper extremities are shorter than middle and distal ones. The head is abnormally broad with characteristic facies marked by frontal bossing, depressed nasal bridge, and hypoplasia of the midface with narrow nasal passages. Trident hand with relatively short fingers and limited elbow extension are common. Often associated with malformation of the pelvis. Transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait.

Bibliography

  • J. M. Parrot:
    Les malformations achondrodysplasiques.
    Bulletins de la Société d’anthropologie de Paris, 1878.
    Parrot coined the term achondroplasy.
  • E. Kaufmann:
    Untersuchungen über die sogenannte foetale Rachitis (Chondrodystrophia foetalis).
    Berlin, Reimer, 1892.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.

Disclaimer:

Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.