- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Chopart's amputation

Synonyms

Mediotarsal amputation.

Related people

Disarticulation of the forefoot at the midtarsal joint.

Description

Disarticulation of the forefoot at the midtarsal joint, with the calcaneus, talus, and other parts of the tarsus being retained, with the soft parts of the sole of the foot to cover the stump. The procedure was first described by Chopart's student Lafiteau in Antoine François Fourcroy’s La médecine éclaire par les sciences physiques, T. IV, 1792.

Bibliography

  • Antoine François Fourcroy (1755-1809):
    La médecine éclairée par les sciences physiques, ou Journal des découvertes relatives aux différentes parties de l'art de guéri.
    Four volumes. Paris, chez Buisoon, 1791-1792.
    This work edited by Fourcroy contains in volume 4 (pp. 85-88) the first description og Chopart's method of partial amputation of the foot. This is in the form of a note by Lafiteau (also spelled Laffiteau) in volume 4, 1792: "Observation sur une amputation partielle du pied". Lafiteau also named "Chopart's joint", the astragaloscaphoid and calcaneo-cuboid articulation.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.

Disclaimer:

Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.