Nabothian cysts

Alternative eponyms

Related people

Retention cysts, 1-1,7 mm, in diameter, formed by the nabothian glands at the neck of the uterus.

Description

Retention cysts, 1-1,7 mm, in diameter, formed by the nabothian glands at the neck of the uterus, due to occlusion of the lumina of glands in the mucosa of the uterine cervix, causing them to be distended with retained secretion. They always denote that an ectropion has been present. They are very common.

The cysts were first described by the French surgeon Guillaume Desnoues (1650-1735), who believed that they contained a substance of importance for the sperm. He believed that he had found the female analogue to the male sperm apparatus. Desnoues became professor of anatomy in Genoa. Naboth was familiar with Desnoues' work on the retention cysts, but disagreed with him on their importance. In Naboth's view, the cysts functioned as sacs containing eggs. This occasioned the term ovulum, which is derived from ovum and means small egg. The term Nabothian cysts is used in textbooks in the English language, while the term ovula nabothi is the common term in Scandinavia and the German-speaking countries.

We thank Joseph Constantin, France, for information submitted.

Bibliography

  • M. Naboth:
    De sterilitate mulierum. Leipzig, A. Zeidler, 1707.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.

Disclaimer:

Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.