- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Martin Naboth

Born  1675
Died  1721

Related eponyms

German physician, anatomist, and chemist, born January 16, 1675, Kalau, Nieder-Lausitz, Sachsen; died May 23, 1721, Leipzig.

Biography of Martin Naboth

Martin Naboth studied medicine in Leipzig. He became doctor of philosophy at Leipzig in 1701 and received his medical doctorate at Halle an der Saale in 1703. He was initially in general practice but also studied anatomy and chemistry. In 1707 he was habilitated at the University of Leipzig, where he became professor extraordinary of chemistry that year, succeeding Johann Christian Schamberg (1667-1706). Besides his tenure, Naboth continued his anatomical studies. He possessed a large anatomical collection.


  • De organo auditus. Leipzig, 1703.
  • De sterilitate mulierum. Leipzig, A. Zeidler, 1707; 1709.
    Also in Albrecht von Haller’s (1708-1777) Disputationum anatomicarum selectarum, Göttingen 1750; volume 5 pp 233-259.
    The latter contains his description of the Ovula Nabothi. In this treatise Naboth maintained that ovarian sclerosis and tubal blockages could be causes of infertility. Biographical etc:
  • August Hirsch, publisher:
    Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte aller Zeiten und Völker.
    2nd edition. Berlin, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1929. 3rd edition, München 1962.
    First published in 6 volumes 1884-1888.
  • H. Speert:
    Obstetric-gynecologic eponymy; Martin Naboth and cervical cysts.
    Fertility and Steriliy, New York, January/February 1956, 7 (1): 66-70.
  • Barry G. Firkin and Judith A. Whitworth:
    Dictionary of Medical Eponyms. The Parthenon Publishing Group. 1989.
    New edition in 2002.
  • Carlos Gysel:
    L’anatomiste Guillaume Desnoues (1650-1735), le cartésianisme et l’embryologie de la face.
    Vesalius, Brussels, 1995, 1 (1): 13-22.

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An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

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