Raynaud's phenomenon

Alternative eponyms

Related people

Episodes of constriction of small arteries or arterioles (or both) of extremities, with sequential changes in colour of the skin, pallor, cyanosis, usually following exposure to cold.

Description

Episodes of constriction of small arteries or arterioles (or both) of extremities, with sequential changes in colour of the skin, pallor, cyanosis, usually following exposure to cold. The fingers become pale, then blue, and painful, and finally bright red at the end of the attack. When such features of Raynaud's disease occur as a complication to another disease it is called Raynaud's phenomenon. It is seen as secondary to such conditions as occlusive arterial disease, systemic scleroderma, thoracic outlet syndrome, pulmonary hypertension, myxoedema, or trauma.

In his thesis, Raynaud described several patients who developed cyanosis and other discolorations of their fingers when the digits were exposed to cold. One of his patients had a quite dramatic reaction and died two years later. Raynaud was unable to explain the phenomenon.

Bibliography

  • A. G. M. Raynaud:
    De l’asphyxie locale et de la gangrène symétrique des extrémités.
    Doctoral thesis, published February 25, 1862.
    Paris, Rignoux, 1862. L. Leclerc, Libraire-Éditeur.
    English translation by Thomas Barlow (1845-1945) in Selected Monographs, New Sydenham Society, London 1888, pp. 1-199.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.

Disclaimer:

Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.