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Strümpell-Leichtenstern encephalitis

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Acute hemorrhagic encephalitis affecting both sexes. Onset at all ages, but prevalent in children. It is characterized by necrosis, haemorrhage, and demyelination of the white matter. The symptoms include fever, headache, cough, stupor, confusion, convulsions; delirium; coma, disorientation, hallucination, hemiparesis, mental dullness, quadriplegia, facial paralysis, nuchal rigidity, diplopia, papilledema, and dysphasia.


  • A. G. G. von Strümpell:
    Über primäre acute Encephalitis.
    Deutsches Archiv für klinische Medicin, Leipzig, 1890, 47: 53-74.
  • O. Leichtenstern:
    Über primäre hämorrhagische Encephalitis.
    Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift, Berlin, 1892, 18: 39-40.

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