- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Bruns' syndrome

Alternative eponyms

  • Brun’s sign
  • Nothnagel's syndrome

Related people

Neurological disturbance marked by violent periodic headaches, vomiting, and sudden attacks of vertigo and giddiness and sometimes falling.

Description

Neurological disturbance marked by violent periodic headaches, vomiting, and sudden attacks of vertigo and giddiness and sometimes falling. Due to an obstruction of the flow of the cerebrospinal fluid during changes of posture of the head. The principal causes are cysts and cysticerosis of the fourth ventricle and tumours of the midline of the cerebellum and third ventricle.

Bruns in 1902 first described the syndrome and indicated the relationship to change of posture. Bernard Jacob Alpers (1900-) and Yaskin emphasised that constant anterior flexion of the head usually caused symptoms in predisposed individuals. Indicates an organic lesion of the fourth ventricle or the adjacent structures, has also been seen with tumours of the third or lateral ventricle, or with tumours of the mid-line in the cerebellum.

Bibliography

  • L. Bruns:
    Neuropathologische Demonstrationen.
    Neurologisches Zentralblatt, 1902, 21: 561-567. Neuropathologische Demonstration.
    Neurologisches Zentralblatt, 1906, 25: 540-544.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.

Disclaimer:

Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.