- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Touraine's syndrome I

Related people

Neurocutaneous phacomatosis with spread of naevus cells in the skin and diffuse or circumscribed pigmentation of the leptomeninges by naevus cells.

Description

Neurocutaneous phacomatosis with spread of naevus cells in the skin and diffuse or circumscribed pigmentation of the leptomeninges by naevus cells. Frequently, scondary hydrocephalus internus.

First described in 1861 by Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902) and 1861 by Karl von Rokitansky (1804-1878). The term “neurocutaneous melanoblastoma” was coined by Albert Touraine in 1941 and thus the disease was added to the neurocutaneous syndromes.

Bibliography

  • R. Virchow:
    Pigment und diffuse Mélanose der Arachnoides.
    [Virchows] Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medicin, Berlin, 1859, 16: 180-187.
  • K. von Rokitansky:
    Ein ausgezeichneter Fall von Pigment-Mal mit ausgebreiteter Pigmentierung der inneren Hirn- und Rückenmarkshäute.
    Allgemeine Wiener medizinische Zeitung, 1861, 15: 113-116.
  • A. Touraine:
    La Mélanoblastose neurocutanée.
    Presse médicale, Paris, 1941, 49: 1087-1088.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.

Disclaimer:

Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.