- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Odilon Marc Lannelongue

Born  1840
Died  1911

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French physician, born December 4, 1840, Castéra-Verduzan, Gars; died December 28, 1911, Paris.

Biography of Odilon Marc Lannelongue

Odilon Marc Lannelongue studied in Paris as a pupil of Charles-Pierre Denonvilliers (1808-1872) and Auguste Nélaton (1807-1873), obtaining his doctorate in 1867. In 1869 he became Chirurgien des hôpitaux and agrégé, 1884 professor of external pathology at the faculty. Lannelongue chiefly concerned himself with childhood surgery.

During the last two decades of his life he was politically active, becoming a member of the chamber in 1893, of the senate in 1906. From 1883 he was a member of the Académie de médecine, from 1895 of the Académie des sciences.

A memorial was unveiled in Castéra-Verduzan on July 23, 1920. Several foundations, among them a museum in his native town, and the Institut d'hygiène sociale established by him, bear his name, as do several prizes.


  • Circulation veineuse des parois auriculaires du coeur.
    Doctoral thesis; Paris, 1867.
  • De l’ostéomyélite aiguë pendant la croissance. Paris, 1879.
  • Abscés froids et tuberculose ossense. Paris, 1881.
  • Blessure et maladie de Gambetta. 1883.
    Referring to the French president Léon Gambetta (1838-1882). While handling a revolver, he shot himself in the arm, and, as his health was very poor, the wound healed slowly. During his convalescence, he was stricken with appendicitis, but the doctors did not operate. He died on December 31, 1882, at the age of 44.
  • Coxotuberculose. Paris, 1886.
  • Traité des kystes congénitaux.
    With Emile Charles Achard (1860-1944). Paris, 1886.
  • Traité de la coxotuberculose. 1886.
  • Tuberculose vertébrale. Paris, 1888.
  • Leçons de clinique chirurgicale. Paris, 1888.
  • Transplantation du corps thyroïde sur l’homme.
    Bulletin médical, 1890, 4: 225.
    First thyroid transplantation, for treatment of cretinism.
  • Affections congénitales de la tête et du cou. Paris, 1891.

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