- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Jean-François Calot

Born  1861
Died  1944

Related eponyms

French surgeon, born 1861, Arrens, département Hautes-Pyrénées; died 1944, Adast.

Biography of Jean-François Calot

Jean-François Calot studied in Paris. He worked as a surgeon at the Hôpital Rotschild in Berck-sur-Mer from 1890 to 1941, and was also affiliated with the Hôpital Cazin-Perrochaud. His main field of work was the treatment of tuberculosis of the bones in child age and orthopaedics, devising a series of new methods of treatment.

Calot acquired an international fame thanks to a paper read before the Academy of Medicine of Paris on December 22, 1896 about 37 cases of reduction of the angular curvature in Pott's disease. He wrote many books on orthopaedic surgery and in 1900 founded the "Institut orthopédique de Berck" which is now named "Institut Calot de Berck-sur-Mer".


  • De la cholécystectomie. Doctoral thesis, Paris, 1891.
  • Le traitement de la coxalgie. Paris, 1895.
  • La dispensaire H. de Rotschild à Berck-sur-Mer.
    With H. de Rotschild. Paris, 1895.
  • Note sur la correction opératoire des scolioses graves. Paris, 1897.
  • Note sur quelques modifications apportées à la technique du redressement des maux de Pott. Paris, 1897.
  • Le traitement du mal de Pott. Paris, 1897.
  • Les maladies qu’on soigne à Berck. Paris, Masson, 1900.
    An account of the work of the Rotschild Hospital at Berck-sur-Mer, where Calot specialized in the treatment of surgical tuberculosis in children.
  • Technique du traitement de la coxalgie. Paris, 1904,
  • Technique du traitement de la luxation congénitale de la hanche. Paris, 1905.
  • Traitement rationnel du mal de Pott. Paris, 1906.
  • Techniques du traitement des tumeurs blanches. Paris, 1906.
  • L’orthopédie indispensable aux praticiens.
    Paris, Masson, 1908, 1909, 1910, 1911, 6th edition 1913, 7th edition, 1917; 1923. Translated into English.
  • Guérison de la scoliose et méthode d’Abbott. Paris, 1913.
  • Berck; ses méthodes de traitement. Paris, 1914.
  • Berck; lymphatisme et déviation. Paris, 1914.
  • Orthopédie de guerre. Paris, 1916; 3rd edition,1917.
  • Orthopédie et chirurgie de guerre. Paris, 1917. Biographical etc:
  • Isidor Fischer (1869-1943), publisher:
    Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte der letzten fünfzig Jahre.
    Berlin – Wien, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1932.
  • Jeremy M. Norman, editor:
    Morton’s Medical Bibliography. An annotated Check-list of Texts Illustrating the History of Medicine (Garrison and Morton).
    Fifth edition. Scolar Press, 1991.
  • M. A. Rauschmann, B. Habermann, M. Engelhardt, G. Schwetlick:
    Von Pott-Trias und Schmorl-Knoten. Ein geschichtlicher Überblick zur Kyphose unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der tuberkulösen Spondylitis und des Morbus Scheuermann.
    Der Orthopäde, Berlin /Heidelberg, December 2001, 30 (12): 903-914.
  • Philippe Loisel:
    François Calot De la guérison des bossus à la création de l'institut orthopédique.
    Histoire des sciences médicales, 2005, 39 (3): 277-283.
    François Calot: from the cure of humpbacks to the creation of the Berck-sur-mer Orthopaedic Centre.
    Congrès Séance provinciale de Berck-sur-Mer, Vieil-Hesdin , France, June 27, 2004.
  • Jacques Gonzalès:
    Pott's disease prior to antituberculous antibiotherapy. From Sir Percival Pott to Victor Ménard.
    Congrès Séance provinciale de Berck-sur-Mer, Vieil-Hesdin , France, June 26-27, 2004.
  • Alain Mounier-Kühn:
    The treatment of osteo-articular tuberculosis according to the concepts of François Calot.
    Congrès Séance provinciale de Berck-sur-Mer, Vieil-Hesdin , France, June 26-27, 2004.
  • O. J. Muensterer and H. Till:
    Bekannte Namen in der Kinderchirurgie und was sie uns heute bedeuten.
    Famous names in pediatric surgery and their meaning for us today
    Monatsschrift Kinderheilkunde, Berlin / Heidelberg, online June 13, 2007. Springer.

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