- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Leopold Auerbach

Born 1828
Died 1897

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German anatomist, born April 27, 1828, Breslau; died September 30, 1897.

Biography of Leopold Auerbach

Leopold Auerbach was born in Breslau and studied medicine in Breslau, Berlin and Leipzig. He was conferred M.D. in 1849 and from 1850 was a practicing physician. He became Privatdozent in 1863, and from 1872 worked as extraordinary professor of neuropathology in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland).

His chief field of research was neuropathological problems, on which he left behind a number of writings. He was one of the first to investigate the nervous system using histological staining methods. His name is still associated with the Plexus myentericus Auerbachi that he discovered, a layer of ganglion cells, which, from their localisation between the layers of the muscle control the movements of the gastro-intestinal tract.

Besides he published on muscle irritation, studies of the lymphoid vessels of various organs and muscle hypertrophy.

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