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Maximilian Salzmann

Born  1862
Died  1954

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Austrian ophthalmologist, born December 9, 1862, Vienna; died 1954.

Biography of Maximilian Salzmann

Maximilian Salzmann graduated doctor of medicine at the University of Vienna in 1887 and a year later became an assistant to professor Ernst Fuchs (1851-1930). He received the Venia legendi for eye medicine at Vienna in 1895, becoming ausserordentlicher professor in 1906. In 1911 he was appointed professor at Graz, where he remained. He was dean of the medical faculty 1918/1919.

Salzmann wrote a classical book on the anatomy and histology of the eye and made many original observations and measurements of angles of the anterior chamber. He was an excellent painter and illustrated much of his work. Later in life retinal degeneration due to myopia caused considerable visual loss which he described in his last paper.

Salzmann occasioned the publication of the 13th to 15th editions of Ernst Fuchs’ Lehrbuch der Augenheilkunde, Vienna and Leipzig, 1921-1926.


  • Anatomie und Histologie des menschlichen Augapfels im Normalzustande.
    Vienna and Leipzig, 1912.
  • The Anatomy and Histology of the Human Eyeball in the Normal State, its Development and Senescence.
    Translated by E. V. L. Brown. Chicago, The University of Chicago Press, 1912. Biographical:
  • Salzmann, Maximilian. In: Isidor Fischer, publisher: Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte der letzten fünfzig Jahre.
    Berlin – Wien, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1932.
  • D. Katz:
    Maximilian Salzmann, 1862-1954.
    American Journal of Ophthalmology, Chicago, November 1954, 38 (5): 738-740.
  • Algernon B. Reese (1896-1981):
    Prof. Maximilian Salzmann, 1862-1954.
    AMA Archives of Ophthalmology, Chicago, November 1954, 52 (5): 809-810.
  • Maximilian Salzmann (1862-1954). In: Barry G. Firkin and Judith A. Whitworth: Dictionary of Medical Eponyms. The Parthenon Publishing Group. 1989. New edition 2002.

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