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Friedrich Schauta

Born  1849
Died  1919

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Austrian surgeon and gynecologist, born July 15, 1849, Vienna; died January 10, 1919, Vienna.

Biography of Friedrich Schauta

Friedrich Schauta began his medical studies in his native city of Vienna, then changed to the University of Innsbruck, later to Würzburg. He obtained his doctorate in 1874 in Vienna. Schauta’s chief interest was at first in surgery, and in 1874 he became an apprentice in the operation institute of Hofrat von Dumreicher. But later he turned more to gynecology, and from 1876 to 1881 worked at the obstetrical and gynecological clinic of professor Späth in Vienna, being habilitated for Dozent of gynecology and obstetrics in 1881. That same year Schauta was called to Innsbruck as an accessory / supplementary professor of these disciplines. In 1883 he was appointed ausserordentlicher professor of gynecology and obstetrics, in 1884 full professor.

In 1887 Schauta accepted a call to succeed August Breisky (1832-1889) in Prague, but in 1891 again moved to Vienna to succeed Carl Braun in the chairs of his two specialities at the 1st department of gynecology and obstetrics. In his own works Schauta contributed to the new achievements in research on radiology, bacteriology, histology and serology, by recognising the importance of these peioneering fields. His major importance, however, lies in gynecological surgery. He left a comprehensive written work.


  • Grundriss der operativen Geburtshilfe.
    Vienna and Leipzig, 1885; 3rd edition, 1896.
  • Diagnose der Frühstadien chronischer Salpingitis.
    Archiv für Gynäkologie, Berlin, XXXIII.
  • Gynäkologischer Beinhalter.
    Prager Medizinische Wochenschrift, 1889.
  • Cystische Myome. Zeitschrift für Heilkunde. X.
  • Die Beckenanomalien.
    In Müller’s Handbuch der Geburtshilfe, volume 2, 1; Stuttgart, 1888.
  • Cloakenbildung. Archiv für Gynäkologie, Berlin, XXXIX.
  • Indicationsstellung der vaginalen Totalexstirpation.
    Archiv für Gynäkologie, Berlin, XXXIX.
  • Indicat. und Technik der vaginalen Totalexstirpation. Zeitschrift für Heilkunde. 1891.
  • Beitr. zur Lehre von der Extrauterinenschwangerschaft. Prague, 1891. Behandlung d- normalen Wochenbettes. Berlin, 1892.
  • Ind. und Technik der Adnexoperationen.
    Verhandlungen der deutschen Gesellschaft für Gynäkologie, 1893. 1895.
  • Operation fixierter Blasenscheidenfisteln.
    Monatsschrift für Geburtshilfe und Gynäkologie, I.
  • Operation von Mastdarmscheidenfisteln.
    Verhandlungen der deutschen Gesellschaft für Gynäkologie, 1896.
  • Sectio caesarea vaginalis. Heilkunde, 1898.
  • Lehrbuch der gesamten Gynäkologie. Leipzig and Vienna, 1895-1894.
    Italian translation, Torino, 1898; 3rd edition, 1906-1907.
  • Die Österreichischen Gebäranstalten 1848-1898.
    In: Österreichische Wohlfahrtseinrichtungen, volume 3; Vienna, 1901.
  • Tabulae gynaecologicae.
    With Fritz Hitschmann (18701926). Vienna, 1905.
  • Die erweiterte vaginale Totalexstirpation des Uterus bei Kollumkarzinom.
    Vienna and Leipzig, 1908.
  • Die Frau mit 50 Jahren. Vienna, 1915. Bibliography in Monatsschrift für Geburtshilfe, 1919, 49: 156.

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