- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Eugène Charles Apert

Born  1868-07-27
Died  1940-02-02

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French paediatrician, born July 27, 1868, Paris; died February 2, 1940, Paris?

Biography of Eugène Charles Apert

Eugène Charles Apert was educated in his native city of Paris and entered the faculty of medicine in that town in 1893, gaining his doctorate in 1897 with a thesis concerning the manifestations and pathogenesis of different forms of purpura. He made a brilliant career as a student, being influenced by Jacques-Joseph Grancher (1843-1907) and, above all, Paul Georges Dieulafoy (1839-1911), with whom he became related through marriage. He was also a pupil of Jean Bernard Antonin Marfan (1858-1942) and collaborated with the histopathologist François Henri Hallopeau (1842-1919).

Apert received an appointment at the Hôtel-Dieu and became médecin des hôpitaux in 1902. He was attracted to the speciality of paediatrics, which he pursued at the Hôpital Saint-Louis, before serving in the First World War. In 1919 he received a senior appointment at the Hôpital des Enfants-Malades where he remained until his retirement in 1934. His main research interests were congenital deformities and genetic disease and he was a founder member of the French Society of Eugenics, of which he later became secretary general.

Over a period of 40 years Apert was a busy writer in the field of paediatrics. Besides numerous articles he published a manual of child rearing that was widely read by French mothers. Apert retired in 1934 but continued to be active in medicine and science until his death in 1940.


  • De l'acrocephalosyndactylie.
    Bulletin de la Société des médecins des hôpitaux de Paris, 1906, 23: 1310.
  • Le purpura. Paris 1897.
  • Les enfants retardaires. Paris 1902.
  • La goutte et son traitement. Paris 1903; 2nd edition, 1921.
  • Traité des maladies familiales et des maladies congénitales. Paris, 1907.
  • Précis des maladies des enfants.
    Paris 1909; 12th edition, 1914; translated into Spanish.
  • Hygiène de l'enfance. Paris 1912; translated into Spanish.
  • L'hérédité morbide. Paris 1920.
  • La croissance. Paris 1921.
  • Sérums et cavvins. Paris 1922.
  • Eugénique et sélection. Paris 1922.
  • Le jumeaux. Paris 1912.
  • Les infantilismes. Paris 1930.
  • L’immunisation mixte centre le tétanos, passive et active.
    Paris, Le François, 1935, 37 pages.

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