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Artur Pappenheim

Born  1870
Died  1916

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German haematologist, born December 13, 1870, Berlin; died December 31, 1916.

Biography of Artur Pappenheim

Artur Pappenheim first studied mathematics and philosophy, then changed to medicine and graduated from the University of Berlin in 1895. He worked in Mering’s clinic in Halle, under Ludwig Lichtheim (1845-1915) in Königsberg, with Paul Gerson Unna in Hamburg, and from 1906 to 1909 was Ernst Viktor von Leyden’s (1832-1910) assistant in the cancer institute, where he worked primarily with cytology and biology. He came to the 2nd medical clinic in 1909 and became titular professor in 1912. He distinguished himself particularly in his work on haematology.

He was particularly interested in haematology. A prolific author, he wrote several books as well as a number og papers. Pappenheim was one of the major figures in the early days of haematology and was the founder and publisher of Folia haematologica. A bibliography is in this journal nr. 21, page 86, for 1917.

Pappenheim died of spotted typhus which he had contracted in the field.

The Artur Pappenheim Award is given annually for scientific works in German or English concerning clinical, experimental or theoretical questions in haematology or haematological oncology, by the German Society of Hematology and Oncology.


  • Die Bildung der roten Blutscheiben. Berlin, 1895.
  • Grundriss der Farbchemie zum Gebrauch bei mikroskopischen Arbeiten. Berlin, 1901.
  • Atlas der menschlichen Blutzellen.
    Jena, 1905-1912. Translated into English.
  • Grundriss der haematologischen Diagnostik und praktischen Blutuntersuchung.
    Leipzig, W. Klinkhardt, 1911. VIII + 264 pages.
  • Technik der klinischen Blutuntersuchung. Berlin, 1911.
  • Über die verschiedenen lymphoiden Zellformen des normalen und pathologischen Blutes.
    With Adolfo Ferrata (1880-1946). Leipzig, 1911.
  • Die Zellen der leukämischen Myelose. Jena, 1914.
  • Morphologische Hämatologie.
    Volume 1 published by Hans Hirschfeld. Leipzig, W. Klinkhardt, 1919.
  • Haematologische Bestimmungstafeln. Leipzig 1920.
    This book on the diagnosis and detection of blood diseases was edited by Hans Hirschfeld (1873-1929) several years after Pappenheim's death.

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