- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Leo Ritter von Zumbusch

Born  1874
Died  1940

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Austrian physician, born June 28, 1874, Vienna; died March 30, 1940, Rimsting am Chiemsee, Oberbayern, Germany.

Biography of Leo Ritter von Zumbusch

Leo Ritter von Zumbusch was the son of the famous sculptor Caspar Ritter von Zumbusch (1830-1915) and Antonie née Vogl. He studied in Vienna, and during the years 1898 to 1908 he was a voluntary and assistant working with Edmund von Neusser (1852-1912), Carl Wilhelm Hermann Nothnagel (1841-1905), Ernst Fuchs (1851-1930), Carl Gussenbauer (1842-1903), Moriz Kaposi (1837-1902) and Gustav Riehl (1855-1943). He was habilitated for dermatology and syphilology in 1906, becoming ausserordentlicher Professor in 1912. From 1909 he was head of the Rudolf-Spital.

In 1913 Zumbusch accepted an invitation to become professor extraordinary and head of the university policlinic in Munich. Here he was promoted to director of the department of syphilis and dermatology in 1915, and in 1917 director of the Klinik für Haut- und Geschlechtskrankheiten. In 1922 he was appointed ordinarius.

His first marriage was with the sculptress and ceramist Nora Exner (1879-1915), the second with Lotte Müller (1898-1977), daugther of the medicine professor Friedrich von Müller (1858-1941).

Leo Ritter von Zumbusch was rector of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München 1932-1933. The Nazis (Nationalsozialistische deutscher Arbeiterpartei) came to power in 1933, and in 1935 Zumbusch was forced to resign his position for political reasons, becoming emeritus.

We thank Sascha Zumbusch and Patrick Jucker-Kupper for information submitted.


  • Therapie der Hautkrankheiten. Leipzig and Vienna, 1908.
  • Atlas der Syphilis. Leipzig, 1922.
  • Atlas der Hautkrankheiten.
    With Gustav Riehl. Leipzig, 1923. 2nd edition, 1926. Translated into English.
  • Über Lichen albus, eine bisher unbeschriebene Erkrankung.
    Archiv für Dermatologie und Syphilis, Berlin, 1906, 82: 339-350.
  • Die Diagnose der angeborenen Syphilis.
    In: Handbuch der Haut- und Geschlechtskrankheiten, volume 19, Berlin, 1927.
  • Prognose der kongenitalen Syphilis.
    In: Handbuch der Haut- und Geschlechtskrankheiten, volume 19, Berlin, 1927.
  • Herrmann A. L. Degener:
    Degeners Wer ist's? 10. edition, Berlin 1935.
  • Deutsche Biographische Enzyklopädie. Volume 10. München 1999.

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