- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Emile Charles Achard

Born 1860-07-24
Died 1944

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French internist, born July 24, 1860, Paris; died 1944.

Biography of Emile Charles Achard

Emile Charles Achard studied in Paris and was conferred doctor of medicine in Paris in 1887. In 1893 he became Médecin des Hôpitaux, in 1895 agrégé. He was appointed professor of general pathology and therapeutics and from 1910 worked as professor of internal medicine at the University of Paris, Hôpital Beaujon. He was also attached to the Cochin hospital.

Achard in 1896, with Raoul Bensaude (1866-1938), described paratyphoid fever and isolated the bacillus paratyfus, now classified as Salmonella paratyphi B. He coined the term paratyphoid fever and introduced one of the first tests of renal function, based on time of appearance of dyes in urine after injection.

Among his many literary topics were encephalitis lethargica and edema in Bright’s disease.

With Georges Maurice Debove (1845-1920) and Joseph Castaigne he wrote Manuel des maladies du tube digestif (Paris, 1907).

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An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

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