- A dictionary of medical eponyms

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All living things are made up of cells.


Robert Brown:
Observations on the organs and mode of fecundation in Orchideae and Asclepiadeae.
Transactions of the Linnean Society, 1829-1832, 16: 685-746.
Discovery, in 1831, of the cell nucleus.

M. J. Schleiden:
Einige Blicke auf die Entwicklungsgeschichte des vegetabilischen Organismus bei den Phanerogamen. Wiegmann’s Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 1837.

M. Schleiden:
Beiträge zur Phytogenesis.
[Müller’s] Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medicin, 1838, 137-176.
French translation in Annales des sciences naturelles. Botanique, 1839, 11: 242-252, 362-370.
English in Scientific memoirs, 1841, 2: 281-312.

T. Schwann:
Mikroskopische Untersuchungen über die Übereinstimmung in der Struktur und dem Wachstum der Thiere und Pflanzen. Berlin, Sander, 1839
[Microscopic Investigations on the Accordance in the Structure and Growth of Plants and Animals]
"All living things are composed of cells and cell products that are reproduced".

Theodor Schwann and Mathias Schleiden:
Microscopical researches into the accordance in the structure and growth of animals and plants. London: Printed for the Sydenham Society, 1847.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.