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Atwater-Benedict-Rosa calorimeter

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A respiration calorimeter constructed 1892-1897 which proved the law of conservation of energy in human beings and made it possible to calculate the caloric values of different foods.


  • W. O. Atwater and Edward Bennett Rosa:
    Description of a New Respiration Calorimeter and Experiments on the Conservation of Energy in the Human Body.
    Bulletin 63, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of Experiment Stations. Washington : Government Printing Office, 1899.
  • W. O. Atwater, C. D. Woods, and F. G. Benedict:
    Report of preliminary investigations on the metabolism of nitrogen and carbon in the human organism, with a respiration calorimeter of special construction.
    Bulletin No. 44, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Office of Experimental Stations. Washington : Government Printing Office, 1897.
  • Aaron J. Ihde and Jerry F. Janssen:
    Early American studies on respiration calorimetry.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, November 15, 1974, 3 (1-2): 11-16.

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