- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Castellani's disease

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A spirochaetosis occurring in blacks in the Tropics. (Jamaica and Central America). Onset at puberty, with symptoms similar to acute bronchitis. More frequent in black or dark brown females. Aetiology unknown. Autosomal dominant inheritance. Considered as a variant of seborrheic karatoses.


  • A. Castellani:
    Note on a peculiar form of hæmoptysis with presence of numerous spirochætæ in the expectoration. The Lancet, London, 1906, 1: 1384-1385.
  • A. Castellani:
    Note sur la "broncho-spirochetose" et les "bronchites mycosiques", affections simulant quelquefois la tuberculose pulmonaire.
    La Presse médicale, Paris, 1917, 25: 377-380.

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