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Sauerbruch's negative pressure chamber

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A negative-pressure chamber enabling operations on the open chest. It prevents the collapse of the lungs and disturbances of the circulation when the pleura space is opened. It is now replaced by intubation.


  • F. Sauerbruch:
    Ueber die physiologischen und physikalischen Grundlagen bei intrathorakalen Eingriffen in meiner pneumatischen Operationskammer.
    Archiv für klinische Chirurgie, Berlin, 1904, 73: 977-987.
    Verhandlungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Chirurgie, Berlin, 1904, 32.
  • Ludolf Brauer (1865-1951):
    Die Ausschaltung der Pneumothoraxfolgen mit hilfe des Überdruckverfahrens.
    Mitteilungen aus dem Gebiete der Medizin und Chirurgie, 1904, 13: 483-450.
    Brauer developed positive-pressure ventilation, which became the established procedure in clinical practice.

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