- A dictionary of medical eponyms


Related people

A common epileptic syndrome which usually commences before the age of 6 with myoclonic seizures by day and tonic seizures at night, with atypical absences, head nodding, and drop attacks particularly prominent. Unconsciousness, epigastric, pharyngeal, or abdominal aura, a sensation of fear, and sucking movements are symptoms. Cerebral oedema and injuries are the suspected causes. It often has a poor prognosis with progressive mental deterioration. Lennox-Gastaut seizures are so powerful and occur so frequently – as often as 200 times an hour – that mental retardation is generally unavoidable.

Doose's syndrome (when strong genetic basis) is entered as a separate entity.


  • F. A. Gibbs, E. L. Gibbs, W. G. Lennox:
    Influence of blood sugar level on the wave and spike formation in petit mal epilepsy.
    Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, Chicago 1939, 41: 1111-1116.
  • H. Gastaut, M. Vigoroux, C. Trevisan, H. Regis:
    Le syndrome "hémiconvulsion-hémiplégie-épilepsie" (syndrome HHE).
    Revue neurologique, Paris, 1957, 97: 37-52.
  • H. Gastaut, F. Poirier, H. Payan, G. Salomon, M. Toga, M. Vigoroux:
    HHE syndrome: hemiconvulsions-hemiplegia-epilepsy. Epilepsia, 1960, 1 : 418-444.
  • W. G. Lennox:
    Epilepsy and related disorders. Boston, Little Brown, 1960, volume 1, pp 66-173.
  • A. Matthes, H. Weber:
    Klinische und electroezephalographische Familienuntersuchungen bei Pyknolepsien. Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift, Stutgart, 1968, 93 (10): 429-435.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.