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Traube-Hering-Mayer waves

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Rhythmical variations in blood pressure, usually extending over several respiratory cycles, with a frequency varying from 6 to 10 cycles a minute, related to variations in vasomotor tone.

The phenomenon was discovered by Traube in 1865 and confirmed by Hering in 1869. In 1876 Siegmund Mayer observed similar oscillations.

According to some writers, Mayer's waves is a separate entity, described as oscillations of low frequency, non-synchronous with ventilatory pattern.


  • L. Traube:
    Ueber periodische Thätigkeits-Aeusserungen des vasomotorischen und Hemmungs-Nervencentrums.
    Centralblatt für die medicinischen Wissenschaften, Berlin, 1865, 3: 881-885.
  • S. Mayer:
    Studien zur Physiologie des Herzens und der Blutgefässe 6. Abhandlung: Über spontane Blutdruckschwankungen.
    Sitzungsberichte Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Classe, Anatomie, 1876, 74: 281-307
  • Karl Fahrenkamp:
    Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Tagesschwankungen bei der Hypertonie.
    Medizinische Klinik, Berlin, 1921, 26: 790-792.
We thank Rudolf Kleinert, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, for information submitted.

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