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Marie's crossed adduction reflex

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Crossed, contralateral adductor reflex. Described by Pierre Marie on April 13, 1894. However, it was described independently in the same year by G. Hinsdale and J. M. Taylor. Jean B. Crocq (born 1859) wanted to give priority to Thul (1888), but the reflex was described even earlier, by Ernst Adolf Gustav Gottfried von Strümpell (1859-1925) and Berger, both in 1879.

I have no information about Hinsdale, Taylor, or Berger. J. M. Taylor could be James Taylor, born 1859.


  • A. Strümpell:
    Zur Kenntnis der Sehnenreflexe.
    Deutsches Archiv für Neurologie und Psychiatrie, 1879, 147: 175.
    The title of the journal is uncertain.
  • H. Berger:
    Über Sehnenreflexe.
    Centralblatt für Nervenheilkunde, Psychiatrie und gerichtliche Psychopathologie, Coblens, 1879, 2: 73.
  • G. Hinsdale, J. M. Taylor:
    Crossed knee-jerk.
    Transactions of the American Neurological Association, New York, 1894, 20: 135.
  • P. Marie:
    Sur la contractionréflexe des adducteurs de la cuisse.
    Bulletins et memoires de la Société medicale des hôpitaux de Paris, 1894, 11: 246.
    Revue neurologique, Paris, 1894, 2: 399.
  • J. Crocq:
    Physiologie et pathologie du tonus musculaire.
    Journal de neurologie, Bruxelles, 1901, 6: 424.

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