- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Calmette and Wolff-Eisner ophthalmo reaction

Related people

Conjunctival reaction to tuberculin. A particular form of tuberculine reaction provoking a conjunctivitis of the eye by installing diluted toxins of tuberculin or typhoid in the eye of a tuberculous patient. Has also been applied for other hypersensitivity tests, like serum and pollen. May be dangerous and is used on man only as an exception.


  • L. C. A. Calmette:
    Sur un nouveau procédé de diagnostic de la tuberculose chez l'homme par l'ophthalmo-réaction à la tuberculine.
    Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences, Paris, 1907, 144: 1324-1326. Un nouveau procédé de diagnostic de la tuberculose chez l'homme.
    La presse médicale, Paris, 1907, 49: 388-389.
  • A. Wolff-Eisner:
    First reported to the Berliner medizinische Gesellschaft.
    Berliner klinische Wochenschrift, 1907, 44: 706. Die kutane und konjunktivale Tuberkulinreaktion, ihre Bedeutung für Diagnostik und Prognose der Tuberkulose.
    Zeitschrift für Tuberkulose, 1907, 12: 21-25. Die Ophthalmo- und Kutan-Diagnose der Tbc.
    Beiträge zur Klinik der Tuberkulose, 1908, 9: 1- 197.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.