Dysphagia (of all degrees of severity) caused by neuromuscular incoordination, followed immediately by episodes of coughing (mild or in severe paroxysms) precipitated by liquids entering air passages during swallowing. Fatal inhalation pneumonia may develop in severe cases.
- N. Asherson:
Achalasia of the cricopharyngeal sphincter.
Journal of Laryngology and Otology, London, 1950, 64: 747-758.
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