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Siegal-Cattan-Mamou syndrome

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Historic term for familial Mediterranean fever. A familial syndrome characterised by recurrent, acute attacks of intense pain, lasting two to three days, usually in the abdomen, chest, or joints, and often accompanied by fever and sometimes a rash.

It is most prevalent in people of Armenian, Sephardic Jewish, Levantine Arabic, and Turkish ancestry. Inheritance is autosomal recessive.


  • S. Siegal:
    Benign paroxysmal peritonitis.
    Annals of Internal Medicine, Philadelphia, 1945, 22: 1-9.
  • H. A. Reimann:
    Periodic disease. Periodic fever,periodic abdominalgia, cyclic neutropenia,intermittent arthralgia, angioneurotic edema,anaphylactoid purpura and periodic paralysis.
    The Journal of the American Medical Association, Chicago, 1949, 141: 175-182.
  • R. Cattan, H. Mamou:
    14 cas de maladie periodique dont 8 compliqués de neuropathie.
    Bulletins et mémoires de la Société médicale des hôpitaux de Paris, 1951, 67: 1104-1107.
  • H. Mamou, R. Cattan:
    La maladie périodique (sur 14 cas personnels dont 8 compliqués de néphropathies).
    Semaine des hôpitaux de Paris, 1952, 28: 1062-1070.

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