- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Chilaiditi's syndrome

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Interposition of a portion of the colon or, less frequently, the small intestine between liver and right diaphragm when the patient is upright, associated with abdominal pain, nocturnal vomiting, anorexia, and distension with loss of liver dullness. Rare condition caused by congenital anomalies of the falciform ligament of the diaphragm sometimes observed in roentgenologic clinics. More often in adult males; rarely seen in children. The only specific symptom is a feeling of pressure on the upper part of the belly, which resides when lying down.


  • D. Chilaiditi:
    Zur Frage der Hepatoptose und Ptose im allgemeinen im Anschluss an drei Fälle von temporärer, partieller Leberverlagerung.
    Fortschritte auf dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen, 1910, 16: 173-208.
  • Keith A. Havenstrite, M.D., James A. Harris, M.D., David E. Rivera, M.D:
    Splenic Flexure Volvulus in Association with Chilaiditi Syndrome: Report of a Case.
    Southeastern Surgical Congress, Fort Gordon, Georgia, September, 1999, 65 (9): 874.
  • M. Sato, H. Ishida, K. Konno, Y. Hamashima, H. Naganuma, T. Komatsuda, J. Ishida, S. Watanabe:
    Chilaiditi syndrome: sonographic findings.
    Abdominal Imgaing, New York, 2000, 25 (4): 397-399.

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