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Marie-Foix manoeuvre and reflex

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Marie-Foix manoeuvre is a manipulation for exciting a flexion reflex in all joints in the lower extremities by a passive and slow flexion of toes and feet. It has also been called Bekhterev-Marie-Foix maneuve and Marie-Foix manoeuvre.

Marie-Foix reflex is a sign in upper motor neurone paralysis: Passiv plantar flexion of the the toes or forcing the foot downward causes dorsiflexion of the ankle and flexion of the knee and hip. Also called Marie-Foix retraction sign.


  • W. Sinkler:
    The toe reflex. Medical news, 1888, 53: 611.
  • V. M. Bekhterev:
    Über eine eigentümliche Reflexerscheinung bei Plantarflexion des Fusses und der Zehen in Fällen von Affektion des zentralen motorischen Neurons.
    Neurologisches Centralblatt, Leipzig, 1906, 25: 290.
  • P. Marie, C. Foix:
    Sur la retrait réflexe du membre inférieure provoqué par la flexion forcée des orteils.
    Revue neurologique, Paris, 1910, 26: 121.
  • P. Marie, C. Foix:
    Les réflexes d'automatisme medullaire.
    Revue neurologique, Paris, 1912, 23: 657.

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