- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Alexander Monro, tertius

Born  1773-05-11
Died  1859-03-10

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    Scottish physician, born November 5, 1773, Edinburgh; died March 10, 1859, Craiglockheart, near Edinburgh.

    Biography of Alexander Monro, tertius

    Alexander Monro, tertius, was last in line of the famous Monro dynasty. He received his M.D. from Edinburgh in 1797, then studied in London under Wilson and in Paris, returned to Edinburgh in 1800, and in that year was appointed conjointly with his father. Because of his father's illness Alexander tertius gave the entire course beginning in 1808 and became sole professor in 1817. He retired from his chair in 1846.

    Alexander tertius was an uninspired anatomist who did not rank with his father or grandfather as a teacher or scientist, choosing instead to make use of the notes handed down to him but adding little original work. None of the works of tertius were of lasting value. Charles Darwin is quoted as saying that he "made his lectures on human anatomy as dull as he was himself".

    See also:
    Alexander Monro, primus, 1698-1767.
    Alexander Monro, secundus, 1733-1817.


    • Observations on crural hernia. To which is prefixed an account of the other varieties of hernia. Edinburgh, 1803.
    • The morbid anatomy of the human gullet, stomach and intestines. Edinburgh, 1811.
    • Outlines of the anatomy of the human body, in its sound and diseases state. Edinburgh, 1813.
    • Observations on the thoracic duct. Edinburgh, 1814.
    • Observations on the different kinds of small pox. Edinburgh 1818.
      His monograph on smallpox offers a history of the disease, a summary of the state of its treatment at the time, and a discussion on the effectiveness of vaccination.
    • The morbid anatomy of the brain. Volume I.
    • Hydrocephalus. 1827.
    • The anatomy of the brain, with some observations on its functions. 1831.
    • The anatomy of the urinary bladder and perinaeum of the male. Edinburgh 1842.
      A well-written anatomy of the male pelvic viscera, with five engravings taken from drawings made by E. Clarke, a pupil of Monro's. Monro tertius also published a work of his father’s posthumously:
    • Essays and heads of lectures on anatomy, physiology, pathology and surgery. With a memoir of his life, etc. 1840.

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