- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Eugene Wilson Caldwell

Born  1870-12-03
Died  1918-06-20

Related eponyms

    American radiologist, born December 3, 1870, Savannah, Andrew County. died June 20, 1918, Roosevelt Hospital, New York

    Biography of Eugene Wilson Caldwell

    Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen’s discovery of X-rays in 1895 started a revolution in diagnostic medicine. However, many of the pioneers in radiology were unaware of the dangers associated with radiation and payed a high price for their pioneering efforts. One of them was Eugene Wilson Caldwell who died of X-ray burns 
    Eugene Wilson Caldwell was the son of William and Camilla (Kellogg) Caldwell. Soon after graduation from high school the family moved from Savannah to Concordia, Kansas
    Caldwell grew up in the pioneering period for many things electrical and had a predilection for things mechanical. At seventeen he entered the University of Kansas at Lawrence. In these young years he was greatly influenced by Professor Lucien I. Blake of the department of physics. Blake was deeply interested in submarine telephonic signals and together they undertook an expedition to the coast of New England conducting experiments. They continued such expeditions for many years,
    Caldwell graduated from the University of Kansas in 1892. He worked for some time as an engineer, on an electric railroad line
    He invented numerous X-ray devices and held several patents. Shortly before his death he perfected 
    a device for stereoscopic fluoroscopy especially adapted to war surgery. Caldwell was a Medical Reserve Major.
    Caldwell was inducted into the Radiology Hall of Fame at the International Congress of Radiology at Munich in 1958 and is honored annually by the American Roentgen Ray Society with the Caldwell Memorial Lecture.
    Caldwell was married to Elizabeth Ellen Perkins Caldwell (1888–1964).


    William Allen Pusey (1865-1940) and Eugene Wilson Caldwell:
    • The practical application of the Roentgen rays in therapeutics and diagnosis. 
      Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders & Company, 1903 
    E. H. Skinner, E. W. Caldwell:
    • Skiagraphy of the accessory sinuses of the nose. 
      American Journal of Roentgenology, 1907, 1(2): 27-33 
    E. W. Caldwell:
    •  The science of radiology, Springfield, IL: Thomas, 1933, 22: 380 

    L. Middleditch, Jr.:
    • A description of the CaIdwell stereofluoroscope. 
      American Journal of Roentgenology, 1918, 5: 547-553 
    P. M. Hickey:
    • The Caldwell lecture 1928. American Journal of Roentgenology, 1931, 25: 177-195 
    L. G. Cole:
    • Experimental research concerning direct, indirect and secondary skiagraphic rays. 
      Archives of Roentgen Rays, London, 1905,  12: 275 
    E. W-. Caldwell: 
    • A brief review of the applications of Roentgen rays in diagnosis. 
      New York State Journal of Medicine, 1909, 9: 362 
    F. M. Groedel: 
    • Die Technik der Röntgenkinematographie. Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift, 1909, 35: 434. 
    Percy Brown:
    • Eugene Wilson Caldwell (1870-1918),
      American martyrs to radiology. Eugene Wilson Caldwell (1870-1918). 1936.
      AJR American Journal of Roentgenology, November 1995, 165(5): 1051-1059

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