- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Eli Moschcowitz

Born  1879
Died  1964

Related eponyms

American clinician and pathologist, 1879-1964.

Biography of Eli Moschcowitz

Eli Moschcowitz was two years old when his family emigrated to America. Moschcowitz qualified in medicine at the Mount Sinai Hospital in 1903, and then went to Berlin to study pathology with Ludwig Pick (1868-1955).

Back in his new country, Moschcowitz began working as a pathologist at the Beth Israel Hospital, where he described "his" disease and remained for some twenty years. He distinguished himself both as a pathologist and as a clinician and was an invaluable asset to his colleagues. When he gradually retired from 1944 he had published some 80 highly qualified and significant articles.

He was still active, however, and in 1948 published the first Mount Sinai monograph entitled Biology of Disease, containing 24 carefully worked out chapters, each one on a separate diseased condition.

His brother Alexis Victor Moschcowitz (1865-1933), was clinical professor of surgery at Mount Sinai Hospital, New York.

    "In hospitals, people should be treated and not diseases".


  • An acute febrile pleiochromic anemia with hyaline thrombosis of terminal arterioles and capillaries: An undescribed disease.
    Archives of Internal Medicine, Chicago, 1925, 36: 89.
  • Hypertension of the pulmonary circulation.
    American Journal of the Medical Sciences, 1927, 174: 388-406.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.