- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Nil Feodorovich Filatov

Born  1847
Died  1902

Related eponyms

Russian pediatrician, born April 16, 1847, Pensa; died January 26 (February 8), 1902, Moscow.

Biography of Nil Feodorovich Filatov

Nicolai Feodorowitsch Filatov came from an aristocratic family. He received his initial schooling in an institute for the nobility and entered medical school when 17 years old. After graduating from the University of Moscow he returned to his district to practise as a country doctor. He did not find this intellectually rewarding, however, and undertook further training in Vienna, Paris, Berlin and in particular with professor Johann Steiner (1832-1876) in Prague.

After two years he returned to Moscow and began working and teaching in the old Children’s Hospital in 1876. On the death of professor Tolsky, in 1891 he was appointed professor of paediatrics and also director of a new Children’s Hospital – the Chludow Hospital - which was opened at that time. In 1892 the Moscow Paediatric Society was founded and Filatov was appointed as its president, to which position he was re-elected annually till he died. For the 3 years prior to his death he suffered from angina pectoris, but died suddenly of a stroke.


  • Lekcii ob ostrich infectionnîch bolieznyach u dietjai.
    Moscow, 1885-1887.
    (Lectures on Acute Infectious Diseases of Children).
  • Semiotika i diagnostika dietskich bolieznei. Moscow, 1890. Kratkiy utschebnik dietschkich bolieznei dlyya studentov posliednich semestrow. Moscow, 1893.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.