- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Ernst Hanhart

Born  1891
Died  1973

Related eponyms

Swiss internist and human geneticist, born March 14, 1891, died September 5, 1973.

Biography of Ernst Hanhart

After qualifying in medicine from the University of Zurich in 1916, Ernst Hanhart worked as a country practitioner, but in 1921 became an assistant in the Zurich policlinic. Working under professors Otto Nägeli (1871-1938) and Wilhelm Löffler (1887-1972), Hanhart became interested in human genetics and became a specialist in hereditary disorders.

Hanhart worked extensively on the effects of consanguinity and investigated Swiss families with inherited disorders in isolated communities. He was appointed professor at the University of Zurich in 1942 and was a founding member of the Swiss Society of Genetics. Hanhart achieved an international reputation, but in 1954 he had to resign after having been crippled in a criminal attack.

We thank Søren Nørby, Denmark, for correcting an error.


  • Neue sonderformen von Keratosis palmo-plantaris, u.a. eine regelmässig-dominante mit systematisierten Lipomen, ferner 2 einfach-rezessive mit Schwachsinn und z. T. mit Hornhautveränderungen des Auges (Ektodermalsyndrom).
    Dermatologica, Basel, 1947, 94: 286-308.
    Richner-Hanhart syndrome.

  • Andrea Prader:
    Eulogy. Prof Ernst Hanhart 80th year.
    Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift, Basel, 1971, 101/11: 402.
  • Obituary:
    David Klein in Medicine and Hygiene, 1973, 1071: 1417.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.