- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Vogt-Vogt syndrome (Cécile and Oskar Vogt)

Alternative eponyms

  • (Cécile) Vogt's disease
  • Vogt's syndrome

Related people

An extrapyramidal disturbance with double sided athetosis occurring in early childhood.

Description

This syndrome is the result of a lesion of the corpus striatum, and is usually associated with birth injury, especially one causing the athetoid form of cerebral palsy. It is characterized by an abnormal aggregation of myelinated nerve fibres in the nervous system, typically in the corpus striatum, which gives it a marble like appearance. The thalamus, corpus pallidum, and cerebral cortex may also be involved.

Clinically there are marked choreiform and athetoid movements which begin in the first year of life, successively replaced by rigidity, and causing walking problems and speech disorders. Spasmodic laughing or crying, and mental deficiency may be associated

According to some authors this is a no longer commonly used term for an extrapyramidal disturbance with double sided athetosis occurring in early childhood. One of the earliest accounts of this condition was made in 1892 by James Wright Putnam (1860-1938).

A disturbance with onset months after birth when complex motor activity develops, such as sitting, standing, and walking.

It is characterised by slow, writhing, purposeless movements mainly affecting the hands and face (forced laughter and crying). Disturbance of posture is mainly contractures in position with flexion of the knees. There is also disturbance of tonus with over stretchable joint. Besides athetosis spastic and cerebral signs also occur. Lesions of the midbrain, thalamic nuclei, pallidostratium, and internal capsule of the cerebral cortex are the cause of this disorder. Most patients are good-natured and have normal intelligence. Premature infants frequently affected. Both dominant and recessive autosomal types.

Bibliography

  • J. W. Putnam:
    A case of complete athetosis with post-mortem. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Chicago, 1892, n.s. 17: 124-126.
  • C. Vogt:
    Quelques considérations générales à propos du syndrôme du corps strié.
    Journal für Psychologie und Neurologie, Leipzig, 1911, 18: 479-488.
  • C. Vogt, O. Vogt:
    Zur Lehre der Erkrankungen des striären Systems.
    Journal für Psychologie und Neurologie, Leipzig, 1920, volume 25 (supplement 3): 627-846.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.

Disclaimer:

Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.