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Kaposi's varicelliform eruption

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A diffuse eruption of umbilicated vesicles of the skin and pustules resembling pustulous psoriasis and dermatitis herpetiformis or varicella. It occurs on the skin of the upper trunk, neck, and scalp, most often in pregnant women and women giving birth. It is due to herpes simplex or vaccinia virus in the presence of another skin disease such as eczema.

Unexplained prevalence in males; highest incidence in infancy.

First described by Kaposi in 1887. The term «Pustulosis varioliformis acuta» was introduced by Fritz Juliusberg (1872-1939) in 1898.


  • M. Kaposi:
    Pathologie und Therapie der Hautkrankheiten.
    Wien and Leipzig, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1887. Page 483.
    This work was first published in 1880.
  • F. Juliusberg:
    Über Pustulosis acuta varioliformis.
    Archiv für Dermatologie und Syphilis, Berlin, 1898, 46: 21-28.

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