The muscles innervated by the third cranial nerve manifest phases of paralysis alternating with spasms, associated with blepharopthosis and mydriasis. These features constitute a part of the Stilling-Türk-Duane retraction syndrome.
First described in 1894 by Rampoldi in:
- Annali di Ottalmologia XIII. Fasc 5, 1894.
- T. Axenfeld, E. Schürenberg:
Beiträge zur Kenntniss der angeborenen Beweglichkeitsdefekte der Augen.
Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde, Stuttgart, 1901, 39: 64; 844.
- S. Latorre-Morassso, J. Angular:
Enfermedad de Axenfeld-Schürenberg.
Archivos de la Sociedad oftalmologica hispano americana, 1942, 1: 625-632.
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