- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Axenfeld-Schürenberg syndrome

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The muscles innervated by the third cranial nerve manifest phases of paralysis alternating with spasms, associated with blepharopthosis and mydriasis.

Description

The muscles innervated by the third cranial nerve manifest phases of paralysis alternating with spasms, associated with blepharopthosis and mydriasis. These features constitute a part of the Stilling-Türk-Duane retraction syndrome.

    First described in 1894 by Rampoldi in:
  • Annali di Ottalmologia XIII. Fasc 5, 1894.

  • T. Axenfeld, E. Schürenberg:
    Beiträge zur Kenntniss der angeborenen Beweglichkeitsdefekte der Augen.
    Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde, Stuttgart, 1901, 39: 64; 844.

  • S. Latorre-Morassso, J. Angular:
    Enfermedad de Axenfeld-Schürenberg.
    Archivos de la Sociedad oftalmologica hispano americana, 1942, 1: 625-632.

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