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Axenfeld-Schürenberg syndrome

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The muscles innervated by the third cranial nerve manifest phases of paralysis alternating with spasms, associated with blepharopthosis and mydriasis. These features constitute a part of the Stilling-Türk-Duane retraction syndrome.

    First described in 1894 by Rampoldi in:
  • Annali di Ottalmologia XIII. Fasc 5, 1894.

  • T. Axenfeld, E. Schürenberg:
    Beiträge zur Kenntniss der angeborenen Beweglichkeitsdefekte der Augen.
    Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde, Stuttgart, 1901, 39: 64; 844.

  • S. Latorre-Morassso, J. Angular:
    Enfermedad de Axenfeld-Schürenberg.
    Archivos de la Sociedad oftalmologica hispano americana, 1942, 1: 625-632.

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