A brain stem syndrome clinically manifested by drowsiness, headache, defective conjugate movements, diplopia, and nystagmus. There is almost complete suppression of all functions related to brain stem innervation, but no cardiac or respiratory disorder.
- E. R. Bickerstaff, R. C. P. Cloake:
Mesencephalitis and rhombencephalitis.
British Medical Journal, London, 1951, 2: 77-81.
- E. R. Bickerstaff:
Brain stem encephalitis (Bickerstaff’s encephalitis).
In P. J. Vinken and G. N. Branyn (editors): Handbook of Clinical Neurology, Volume 34, pp 605-609. Amsterdam, North Holland Publishing, 1978.
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