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A collective term for subacute, recidivating infectious diseases in man and animals, caused by brucellas. It is also called Bang's disease; Bruce's septicaemia, Cyprus fever, Gibraltar fever, Malta fever, Mediterranean fever, Neapolitan fever. Synonyms: febris melitensis, febris undulans, goat fever, melitensis septicaemia, melitococcosis, mountain fever, rock fever, undulant fever. The first report of malta fever as a distinct disease was given by Jeffery Allen Marston (1831-1911) in 1861. He contracted the disease while serving in the Mediterranean area and described his own case.


  • J. A. Marston:
    Report on fever (Malta).
    Army Medical Department Reports 1861. Volume 3, 1863: 486-521
  • B. Bang:
    Die Aetiologie des seuchenhaften ("infectiösen") Verwerfens.
    Zeitschrift für Tiermedicin, 1897, 1: 241-278.
  • D. Bruce:
    Note on the discovery of a microorganism in Malta fever.
    Practitioner, London, 1897, 39: 161-170.
We thank Volker Paech, Bochum, Germany, for information submitted.

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