- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Bean's syndrome

Related people

A syndrome of skin changes on the upper trunk typical of chronic liver disease. It is marked by the appearance of one or many blue, small rubbery subcutaneous nodules, easily compressible and promptly refilling after compression. Some of the larger tumours resemble nipples. It is associated with haemangiomas of the gastrointestinal tract. Complications may include gastrointestinal bleeding (leading to iron-deficiency anaemia), amputation of extremities, ocular lesions, intussusception, and orthopaedic disorders. Nocturnal pain and regional hyperhidrosis may occur. Aetiology unknown. Both sporadic and autosomal dominant cases reported.

First reported in 1860 by Gaskoyen, first detailed description in 1958 by the American internist William B. Bean. Gaskoyen, referred to by one author, is probably the English dermatologist George Gaskoin (1818?-1887).


  • Gaskoyen:
    Case of naevus involving the parotid gland, and causing death from suffocation: neavi of the viscera.
    Transactions of the Pathological Society of London, 1860, 11: 267.
  • W. B. Bean:
    Vascular spiders and related lesions of the skin.
    Springfield, Illinois, Thomas, 1958, pp 178-185.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.